GED Language Arts Lessons

Last Updated on May 15, 2024.

These free GED Language Arts lessons are provided by Onsego. Onsego offers a complete GED Prep Course that GED Testing Service recognizes as fully aligned with the GED test.

All video lessons contain transcripts and short practice tests. You will also learn how to write the GED Essay, aka Extended Response.

Our free GED online classes will help you get started on your GED prep track, but they address just portions of what’s on the GED exam. When you like this online teaching approach, you can easily switch to Onsego’s full GED course to pass the GED test quickly.

Provided examples of the GED essays include an explanation and tips.

The Language Arts test assesses your ability to read texts closely, write in a clear way, and edit and comprehend the usage of written English text in its context.

You must know English grammar rules and understand how to use them correctly, and you most probably will need to boost your reading comprehension as well.

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If you follow our classes and take several practice tests, you’ll see that you get used to the question format found on the GED test.

Taking practice tests will additionally allow you to identify the academic areas that need your attention most.


Sentence Structure


  1. Independent and Dependent Clauses 
  2. Types of Sentences
  3. Sentence Fragments
  4. Using Conjunctions


  1. Author, Audience, and Purpose
  2. Fact and Opinion
  3. Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions
  4. Recognizing the Main Idea in a Complex Reading
  5. Using Context Clues
  6. Overgeneralization
  7. Deductive and Inductive Reasoning
  8. False Dichotomy


GED Essay (Extended Response)

Extra Grammar

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These lessons are a part of our GED Language Arts Study Guide and are based on Onsego GED Online Classes.

The RLA test provides you with two types of texts that you must read: informational text (actual text from workplaces and non-fictional text) and literary text.

The first part makes up around 75 percent of the questions, whereas literary text is around 25 percent of the questions.

All through the GED exam, your reading, analyzing, and applying skills will be assessed as well. There are no poems or poetry texts in the GED RLA test.

Section 1 tests your reading and writing skills and is around 35 minutes. This grammar part includes passages that contain, for example, errors in sentence structure, word usage, or errors in punctuation and capitalization.

After you have read the sentences, you must answer the multiple-choice questions. Some of the questions may also refer to sentences that are written incorrectly. Usually, the best answer produces a sentence that is consistent with grammar rules (e.g., verb tense) and the point of view that’s used in the text.

GED Essay

The second section is the Essay part of the exam, also referred to as the Extended Response part, for which you have 45 minutes.

You are expected to read two short passages that include opposing views on a given topic.

When you have read the passages, you will need to indicate which one of the arguments is supported in a better way.

Your RLA Essay is graded based on how you have analyzed various arguments and how you used the provided evidence, on how you have developed ideas and structure, and on the clarity of how you have expressed your arguments and ideas to see if you have mastered Standard English.

For section 3 (writing and reading comprehension), you will have 60 minutes, and the provided text usually is between 500 and 900 words.

Students should get familiar with these topics in order to pass the GED RLA test. English Language Arts Literacy lessons are designed to familiarize students with the Common Core State Standards.

Common Core Standards represent the next generation of K–12 standards designed to prepare all students for success in college and career. They are the foundation of the GED test.

Again, please be aware that the practice tests and video lessons published on this website cover only portions of the GED test’s content.