An overgeneralization is a type of logical fallacy, which is a failure of reasoning. And so, that is what an overgeneralization is, a failure of reasoning.
But, more specifically, we could define it as when an author makes a claim that is so broad, it cannot be proved or disproved.
So, when an author uses an overgeneralization, it’s usually to accomplish one of two motives.
The first is to create an allusion of authority. So, the author may want to make it look like they have authority, when in fact, they do not.
The second possible motive is to sway the opinion of the reader. This would be accomplished by using sensational language. And so, if the author is writing a persuasive essay, he may employ the use of overgeneralization to sway the opinion of the reader.
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