On the GED® test, there are four subject tests: Math, Language, Science, and Social Studies. Each subject has a number of topics ranging from easy to moderate and advanced.
Later in this article, I’m going to explain in detail what you need to know to pass each GED subject test.
There’s no paper-based version of the GED exam. Everything must be done on a computer, so computer skills are an important part of the GED test, too.
The majority of questions are multiple-choice questions (MCQ), however, on the Language Arts test, you will be asked to write a 300-400 words essay (Extended Response).
Throughout the Math, Social Studies, and Science tests, there are some “fill-in-the-blank” and “drag-and-drop” questions as well.
The most important part, of course, is content. So, let’s take a look at what you need to know for each GED subject test.
The GED Math subject test measures your ability to solve problems, interpret tables, charts, and graphs, and solve problems that we encounter in our everyday life.
The GED Math subtest is 115 minutes long and contains 46 questions in a multiple-choice, hot spot, drag-and-drop, drop-down, and fill-in-the-blank format. The GED Math test has two parts.
GED Math includes Number Operations, Number Sense, Solving Equations, Measurement, Geometry, Data Analysis, Statistics, Graphing, Probability, Algebra, Polynomials, Functions, and Patterns.
The GED Math subtest evaluates mathematical competencies and knowledge. You are expected to know how to deal with quantitative problems using reasoning skills and fundamental concepts.
The questions on the GED Math test address realistic problems that require general knowledge on basic math issues such as measurement, numerical operations, estimation, logical thinking, and data interpretation.
Math problems are often based on common and realistic situations and may include abstract concepts such as measurement precision, algebraic patterns, and probability. In the second part of the GED Math subtest, you can use a calculator but there is also a calculator built into your computer screen.
GED Reasoning through Language Arts
The GED RLA (Language) subtest covers the fundamental concepts of Grammar, Reading Comprehension, and Writing your GED Essay (Extended Response). GED Students must get familiar with and proficient in these topics if they want to pass the GED Language subtest.
The GED RLA module is 150 minutes (including a 10-minute break) long and includes some 53 questions. The GED Language subtest will measure your ability to understand, analyze, and interpret a wide range of informational and literary texts.
The texts may come from various that vary in style and purpose. They may come in the form of essays, memoirs, biographical sketches, short stories, or editorials. The texts are generally between 400 and 600 words in length.
The GED Science subtest measures your knowledge of life science, physical science, and Earth and Space science. You will be tested with questions that are similar to the common science learned in grades 9 through 12.
The questions on the GED Science subtest are measuring basic understanding, concepts, principles, and vocabulary that are commonly used in the world of life science, physical science, and Earth and space science.
The science test is 90 minutes long and contains some 34 to 40 questions from the fields of Physical Science, Life Science, Scientific Practices, and Earth and Space Science.
The test includes questions based on science-related texts, tables, graphs, diagrams, and charts. The GED Science test includes visuals which means you’ll have to be able to read these charts or graphs as well properly.
Life Science (Biology) covers Human Body & Health; Life Functions & Energy Intake; the Structure, Organization, and Functions of Life; Heredity & Genetics; and Evolution.
Physical Science includes Chemistry and Physics. The covered fields are Flow, Conservation, Transformation of Energy; Motion, Work, and Force; Chemical & Nuclear Reactions in relation to Living Systems and Organisms, and Chemical Properties.
The GED Science subtest will measure your ability to interpret scientific content, how to apply basic principles of scientific inquiry, and how to evaluate scientific data and information. Science questions are often about scientific investigations and research and the results.
Scientific data and information may come from sources such as scientific journals. You must be able to correctly read the tables, graphs, tables, and charts presented in the information.
GED Social Studies
The GED Social Studies subtest assesses your knowledge of history, government, geography, and economics. Social studies are all about people, places, history, and important events.
The GED Social Studies subtest is 70 minutes long and includes some 35 questions. The content on the test includes the following areas: History, Geography, Civics & Government, and Economics.
The GED Social Studies module measures your skills in analyzing and evaluating various sorts of social studies issues and information. In this section, you will find materials from subject fields such as World and U.S. World History, Psychology, Politics, Sociology, Geography, Economics, and how society is organized.
This subtest includes the presentation of documents, cartoons, posters, maps, timelines, graphs and tables, charts, and reading passages.
Many Social Studies Test questions come from documents that are included in the test. For example, you may read a political speech and then be asked questions about specific things written in the speech.
You are not expected to memorize numerous political speeches as this sort of material is provided. You must be able to think critically about the text and answer the questions. Check out also this page about free GED Practice tests.
On each of the four GED subtests (independent modules), you need to reach at least a score of 145 points. The tests are measured on a 100-200 scale and averaging is not possible.
145-164: HSE (high school equivalency) level passing score
165-174: College Ready level passing score
175-200: College Ready level plus credit level
Online GED testing is not offered. If you wish to get hold of your high school equivalency diploma, personal appearance at one of your state’s official GED testing facilities is required.
Do you take your GED test subjects at once?
No, the four tests are modular and this means you can take them one test at a time. There’s no need to sit for the complete GED battery in one testing session.
The diploma or certificate awarded after successful completion of the four modules is regarded across North America as equivalent to a regular HS diploma.
What if you fail one GED subject?
If you fail one GED subject test, you won’t receive your GED diploma. To receive the GED diploma, you must complete all four modules with sufficient scores (see below).
Your scores are valid indefinitely, at least for as long as this version of the GED exam will be used.
If you fail one of the GED modules, you are offered two retakes at a reduced rate. If you fail those too, you’ll have the pay the full amount again. In most states, the cost for GED testing is around $30 for each of the four subtests, so$120 for the entire battery. For the cost of GED testing in your state, click here.
There are also states that subsidize GED testing, and a number of states have traded the GED for one of the two available alternatives, the HiSET and TASC exams.
To summarize, the GED test is geared toward adults who were not in the position to complete their regular high school education. The GED provides them with one more chance to get hold of a certificate or diploma that’s accepted in the same way as a high school diploma.
The computer-based GED exam is a North American high school equivalency test. It includes four independent subtests (modules) that cover the subject areas of Math, Language, Science, and Social Studies.
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