The 13 Colonies were colonies in North America under the rule of Britain. These colonies later made up the United States of America.
The colonies were split up into three different sections. The New England colonies, which were New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut.
The next lesson: Jamestown.
The following transcript is provided for your convenience.
And the middle colonies, which were New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. And then, finally, the Southern colonies, which were Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Each colony had its own government, but the governments were also subject to Britain’s government. Britain started putting taxes on the colonies, and people in the colonies referred to this as taxation without representation, because those in the colonies, even though they had a say in their colony government, do not have a say in Britain’s government.
So, Britain was taxing those in the colonies, but those in the colonies had no say as to whether or not they were taxed, and what amount.
So, after some protests in 1775, the American war for independence broke out, also called the American Revolutionary War, broke out to overthrow Britain’s rule on the colonies, and it’ll allow the colonies to set up their own government. In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed.
It was primarily written by Thomas Jefferson, and this was a letter to King George III, the King of Britain, to let him know that the colonies were removed from being under the rule of Britain, and were setting up their own country.
So, 1776 is known as the year that the colonies became the United States of America.