Using Transitional Words and Phrases

Writers are using transitions to show connections between pieces of information.

Those connections are helpful for the reader to understand the writer’s purpose and the content.

1. Read each sentence carefully and choose the most appropriate transition to fill in the blanks in the sentences.

Jenny does very well in her math classes; ______________________, she struggles with writing.

Question 1 of 2

2. Read each sentence carefully and choose the most appropriate transition to fill in the blanks in the sentences.

Marcia witnessed the accident; ________________________she called 911.

Question 2 of 2


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The following transcript is provided merely for your convenience.
Transitions are helping in a way that they are creating cohesive writing by linking some sentences together and linking various paragraphs together. Transitions are all used with the purpose of connecting to the author’s thesis.

Authors may use transitions in a number of ways, but two of the most common methods are the use of transitional phrases and words and repeating key ideas that will create pattern transitions.

Transitional Words, transitional Phrases
Authors use transitional phrases and words to demonstrate connections between pieces of information.


Common Transitional Words and Transitional Phrases
AdditionallyFor exampleOtherwise
ConsequentlyIn the endThus
First/SecondOn the other handThen

Writers can choose from several other transitions as well when they try to achieve a specific effect in their essays. This may include the use of transitions for showing exemplification, comparison & contrast, definitions, processes, or cause & effect. These tables below are showing examples of transitions that are working well with all writing styles:

Transitions That Show Exemplification
Another exampleFor exampleSpecifically
As an exampleFor instanceSuch as
As evidenced byIncludingTo illustrate
EspeciallyIn particularTo show this


Transitions That Show Comparison & Contrast
AlsoHoweverIn the same way
As opposed toIn additionLikewise
ButIn comparisonOn the other hand
ConverselyIn contrastSimilarly


Transitions That Show Definition
Another definitionAs defined byAs supported with
Another meaningAs evidenced byAs these examples show
As compared withAs explained byIs complicated by
As contrasted withAs illustrated byTo define


Transitions That Show Process
Another stepFinallyFirst
At this pointNextSecond


Transitions That Show Cause & Effect
AccordinglyConsequentlyOn account of
As a resultHenceSince
Based onIn the endTherefore
BecauseIn view ofThus

Pattern Transitions
One more way of connecting information is the use of pattern transitions. When using this technique, authors will repeat key ideas and words for keeping paragraphs cohesive and for keeping the attention on a specific idea. Authors will often be referring back to the essay’s main idea or thesis statement throughout their essays.

To give you an example, when an essay’s topic is “college admission application process,” the author will often be referring to that topic by writing phrases like “Another crucial step in the college admission process…” or “To gain admission to your favorite college is…”


Last Updated on May 30, 2020.

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