Using Transitional Words and Phrases

Writers are using transitions for showing connections between pieces of information.

Those connections are helpful for the reader to understand the writer’s purpose and the content.

1. Read each sentence carefully and choose the most appropriate transition to fill in the blanks in the sentences.

Jenny does very well in her math classes; ______________________, she struggles with writing.


Question 1 of 2

2. Read each sentence carefully and choose the most appropriate transition to fill in the blanks in the sentences.

Marcia witnessed the accident; ________________________she called 911.


Question 2 of 2


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The following transcript is provided merely for your convenience.
Transitions are helping in a way that they are creating cohesive writing by linking some sentences together and linking various paragraphs together. Transitions are all used with the purpose of connecting to the author’s thesis.

Authors may use transitions in a number of ways, but two of the most common methods are the use of transitional phrases and words and to repeat key ideas that will create pattern transitions.

Transitional Words, transitional Phrases
Authors use transitional phrases and words to demonstrate connections between pieces of information.

Common Transitional Words and Transitional Phrases
Additionally For example Otherwise
After Hence Similarly
Also However Therefore
Consequently In the end Thus
First/Second On the other hand Then

Writers can choose from several other transitions as well when they try to achieve a specific effect in their essays. This may include the use of transitions for showing exemplification, comparison & contrast, definitions, processes, or cause & effect. These tables below are showing examples of transitions that are working well with all writing styles:

Transitions That Show Exemplification
Another example For example Specifically
As an example For instance Such as
As evidenced by Including To illustrate
Especially In particular To show this


Transitions That Show Comparison & Contrast
Also However In the same way
As opposed to In addition Likewise
But In comparison On the other hand
Conversely In contrast Similarly


Transitions That Show Definition
Another definition As defined by As supported with
Another meaning As evidenced by As these examples show
As compared with As explained by Is complicated by
As contrasted with As illustrated by To define


Transitions That Show Process
Afterward Concurrently Then
Another step Finally First
At this point Next Second
Before Subsequently Third


Transitions That Show Cause & Effect
Accordingly Consequently On account of
As a result Hence Since
Based on In the end Therefore
Because In view of Thus

Pattern Transitions
One more way of connecting information is the use of pattern transitions. When using this technique, authors will repeat key ideas and words for keeping paragraphs cohesive and for keeping the attention on a specific idea. Authors will often be referring back to the essay’s main idea or thesis statement throughout their essays.

To give you an example, when an essay’s topic is “college admission application process”, the author will often be referring to that topic by writing phrases like “Another crucial step in the college admission process…” or “To gain admission to your favorite college is…”

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