What Kind of Math is on the GED Test?

The GED® exam comes with four independent subtests that may be taken separately. So prepare for one subtest, pass that part, and move on to the next subtest.

The four subtests, or modules, cover the subject fields of Mathematical Reasoning, Social Studies, Science, and Reasoning through Language Arts.

This page informs you about the GED Math subtest so you will be prepared what you can expect on test day.

The GED Math subtest includes four main areas: Arithmetic (Basic Math), Basic Algebra, Data Analysis (Graphs & Functions), and Geometry.

Main GED math topics

Let’s take a look at the main topics that you’ll have to deal with:

Arithmetic – Arithmetic addresses amongst others: place value, ordering numbers (positives & negatives and fractions & decimals); rounding numbers; four basic operations (adding, subtracting, multiplication, & division); PEMDAS-order of operations; factors & multiples; prime numbers; exponents & radicals; operations & fractions; converting fractions, decimals, & percents); calculating percents.

Algebra – Algebra addresses topics like factoring & distributing algebraic expressions; polynomials; equations with 1 variable; systems of equations; quadratic equations; inequalities; absolute value; rates, ratios, & proportions; evaluating functions.

Data Analysis – Data Analysis addresses topics such as reading & interpreting functions and data on graphs, tables, and charts; performing statistical calculations on data sets (mode, range, mean, & median); finding simple & compound probability.

Geometry – Geometry covers angle measures; polygons; perimeter & area of 2-dimensional figures; volume & surface area of 3-dimensional figures; units of measurement; coordinate plane (points, lines, & shapes); slopes; equations of lines.

How to pass the GED math test

The GED Math (Mathematical Reasoning) subtest must be completed within a 115-minute time frame. There are two sections with a short break in between.

In part 1, the use of a calculator is not allowed but in part 2, you can use an on-screen calculator or bring your own Texas Instruments TI-30XS calculator. A different calculator is not permitted.

The first part of the GED Math test comes with 5 questions and the second part contains 41 questions. You will find the following question types on the math subtests and our free practice tests include all of these answer types:

  • Multiple-choice – is the most common question type. You’ll be asked to select the correct or best answer out of usually 4/5 possible options.
  • Multiple-select – with this sort of question, you’ll have to select all the correct answer options out of several choices. Rather than just having one correct answer choice, there may be several correct answer options.
  • Drag-and-drop – this sort of question comes with “draggable” answer choices. When you click and hold one of the options, you can drag that choice to a target place to answer that question. There could be two or more target places.
  • Hotspot – these are like drag-and-drop questions but have just one “hot” area that must be selected, the “hotspot”.
  • Fill-in-the-blank – this question type asks you to type your answer into space after a question or into a space in a sentence. In the GED Math test, the answer is usually numerical but sometimes you are asked to write a word or a short phrase.
  • Matching – this question type asks you, for example, to select the answer that matches certain information. You may have to read some information in a row and decide and check whether the information is “true” or “false”.

How long is the GED math test

In total, you have 1 hour and 55 minutes (115 minutes) to complete the two sections of the GED Math test. The two parts are not separately timed so you can choose how much of your time you’ll use on either part.

Attaining good Math scores is key if you want to go to college, so check out also these GED Math test-taking tips to be successful on the most difficult GED subtest.

Part 1 is the non-calculator section whereas, in Part 2, the use of the Texas Instruments TI-30XS calculator is allowed. This calculator is available on-screen but you can also bring your own as long as it’s the TI-30XS.

To be able to complete all the questions within the allotted time, taking many practice tests is crucial so you’ll get used to the testing format. ABE (Adult Basic Education) instruction may also be very helpful.

How to study for the GED math test

A lot of students get nervous when they think of taking the math subtest of the GED exam. But there is great help offered on this website! Our online video lessons are entertaining and include transcripts that you read over and over again.

We also offer numerous practice tests that will prove to be a great help to get you all set for the GED Math subtest fast and efficiently.

Taking practice tests over and over again is one of the best ways to get optimally prepared so you can sit for the Marth portion confidently.

These online video lessons and practice tests cover all of the topics that you’ll find on the math section and we also provide you with test-taking strategies. This is another great supportive tool that’s known to be highly effective.

The GED Math module measures not only your math knowledge but also to what extent you are able to use critical thinking skills to solve mathematical problems. You will receive a reference sheet with math symbols and formulas so you won’t have to memorize all those math formulas but you must know how to use them properly.


Last Updated on August 26, 2020.

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