The supporting details in a text are important elements of a text.
You can say that the main ideas or topics of stories or papers are the most relevant and important parts.
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On the other hand, is a paper or story wouldn’t have supporting details, the topics and main ideas would be irrelevant.
So we may say that, basically, the supporting details are reinforcing the larger points. So writers can make points as main ideas or topics of their papers. So a writer makes the point and later backs it up with some supporting details.
These details can most often be found in persuasive or informative texts. This is making sense because when the writer wants to tell you about a thing or idea, they will have to support up all of their main points with even more elements, so his or her readers will be certain that the information they’re being told is accurate.
In persuasive texts, when the author is doing his best to persuade the readers to think in a specific way, or do something, he will make a point. Now, the author will have to support up these points to make the reader indeed think in that way he wants or take the specific action that he wants his readers to take.
Supporting details may often easily be spotted because authors will inform you that these details will be coming. Often, they will be making their main point followed by something that will be, “First,” to give a first supporting detail; then “Second,” to come up with one more supporting detail; to be followed by “Finally,” where they’ll give us the 3rd supporting detail.
They also could be saying something like this: “For instance,” or “For example,” which would indicate that another supporting detail will be coming along.
A supporting detail must be two (2) things. It needs to both be relevant and factual. If something would be totally factual and accurate, but not relevant at all to the story’s main idea, it would be no good. Supporting details must relate to a story’s main idea or concept and be accurate. In case supporting details are very relevant, when they pertain to a story’s main idea yet are inaccurate, then they are also no good. What good are details that are not true?
Now, it is important to remember that the main task of a supporting detail is reinforcing a larger element or point and that supporting details will usually be found in persuasive and informative texts.
Generally, they’re quite easy to identify because they often will be preceded by expressions or words such as “First,” “For instance,” “Second,” “For example,” or “Finally,” and for supporting details, the most elementary thing is to be both relevant and factual.