There are two primary uses for the semicolon in the English language. The first is to separate two closely related independent clauses within a sentence. If you use a semicolon, there’s no need to include a coordinating conjunction, such as “and“.
The second use for a semicolon is to separate items in a list when the items are long and complicated or contain internal punctuation, such as a comma. Ordinarily, you would use a comma to separate items in a list, but if the items contain commas within them, it may be confusing to separate the items with a comma. So, that’s where the semicolon comes in.
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