Climate refers to the typical patterns of temperature, humidity, type and amount of precipitation, winds, and seasonal patterns.
So there are several things influence climate. Some of those are latitude and longitude, altitude, geography, and proximity to mountain ranges or large bodies of water.
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That should be an R right there. Large bodies of water. So we contrast that with the weather. Weather is the short-term day to day variation in meteorological conditions of a given region. So I hope you see the difference here.
Weather is what’s reported on the news each day. So you can think about it this way. The climate of Southern California is dry and sunny, but the weather on Tuesday will be rainy. And so, if you’re examining climate, this is basically an average, what it’s usually like. So you can say, the climate of this certain region is of the temperature near the summer is usually around 89 degrees. But then, when you get down to weather, the weather that day during the summer might be 76 degrees or 95 degrees. Even though the average temperature of this climate is 89 degrees during the summer, it can be above or below that. Or humidity for example- maybe generally the humidity is around 50%, but the weather for today says the humidity is going to be 65%; because it can be a variation from this. So the climate is just usually how it is.
Type and amount of precipitation – maybe the precipitation often comes through the snow. Maybe it usually comes through the rain. Maybe there’s about 12 inches of rain a year, or 65 inches of precipitation a year. So, like maybe for Southern California, maybe a specific spot there, you’re only supposed to get about 12 inches of rain a year. And so you would classify this as dry. But that doesn’t mean it doesn’t get any rain. So some days, the weather is going to say that it is going to rain that day.
Climate is more of a long-term, whereas weather is short-term; and it’s in day to day. So it looks at the variations, what you see on the news each day. If you turn on the news, you’ll see the weather for that day. You’re not looking at the climate because you’re not worried about what it looks like in the long-run. You’re just wondering if you need a coat tomorrow, or if you should water the plants, or is it going to rain tomorrow. So weather is short-term, and climate is long-term.
Next Lesson: Clouds