Quotation marks are used to show that the words inside the quotation marks are someone else’s, not the writer’s own.
So, look at this sentence.
“Come over here,” Joe said.
So, the quotation marks right here and right here are conveying that the writer did not say “Come over here“. Joe said “Come over here“.
So, notice a few things about a sentence that has a quote in it.
First, you open up the sentence with quotation marks. Then, you capitalize the first letter of the first word inside the quotation marks. And then, if you have a sentence that is declarative or imperative, any sentence that would end with a period, if it was on its own, you end that sentence with a comma. Then, you have quotation marks, and then you say the rest of the sentence.
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