Present Perfect, Past Perfect and Future Perfect Verb Tenses
There are three verb tenses that I want to take a look at, and those verb tenses are present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect.
So, the present perfect is used to emphasize the completion of an action in the very recent past. So, here’s an example: “I have just purchased a necklace.”
The next lesson for you: Linking Verbs; these lessons are included in the Math practice tests.
So, this is something that was completed in the very recent past. It was just completed, the person just purchased a necklace.
Now, the present perfect can also be used to indicate an action begun in the past and continued to the present moment.
So, here’s an example of that:
“Sam has lived in the same house for ten years.”
So, this is talking about something that’s happening now and may have happened for a long time, but the reason we’re still calling it the present perfect is because it’s coming up all the way until the present.
And then, we have the past perfect, which indicates how two finished actions are related in time.
So, the example here is:
“Before he went blind, Milton had written Paradise Lost.”
So, we’re looking at two actions here. Milton going blind, and Milton writing Paradise Lost.
Both of these are finished actions. And so, this sentence is showing that Milton wrote Paradise Lost before he went blind. So, the first completed action is used in the past perfect, while the second action is using the simple past.
And then, we come to future perfect, which indicates an action to be finished before a future time.
So, the example for that is:
“I will have finished the book before I take the exam.”
So, this is an action that has not happened yet but is going to eventually be finished, and the sentence is telling the reader before what event that action is going to be completed. So, the writer is saying they’re going to finish the book before the event of taking the exam.
So, that’s a look at present perfect, past perfect, future perfect verb tenses.