Predicates

What is a predicate? Well, a predicate, along with the subject of a sentence, makes a sentence whole. The subject of a sentence tells who is going to do the action of the sentence, and then the predicate tells what that action is going to be.

Take a look at this first sentence: “The friends hike frequently.”

The next lesson: Prepositions, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.

The following transcript is provided for your convenience.

The subject of this sentence is “friends“.

So, what is the verb of this sentence? Well, since the subject tells us who is going to do the action, and the predicate tells us what that action is going to be, then it only makes sense that the verb here needs to be what the friends will be doing.

Well, the friends here will be hiking. So, “hike” is the verb. I’m going to put two lines under it to show that it’s the verb.

So, here, “friends” is the subject, so “friends” is going to be the people doing the action in this sentence, and then the predicate tells what that action is going to be.

This next sentence says:

The friends have been hiking.”

Here again, “friends” is the subject.

So, what is the verb here? Well, you look at “hiking” right here, you know that’s a verb, while “have” and “been” are also verbs as well. “Have” and “been” are what we call “helping verbs“, because they’re helping “hiking” right here.

So, the subject here tells that “friends” is going to be doing the action of this sentence, and the predicate tells what that action is going to be.

This third sentence says:

The friends hike and camp.”

Friends” again is the subject, so “friends” are going to be the people doing the action in this sentence.

Well, what’s the predicate here? Well, you know, “hike” is a verb, but “camp” is also a verb. So, here, you have two verbs, because the friends are going to be doing more than one thing.

So, remember, when looking at a predicate, just remember that a predicate is what completes the sentence. The subject tells who or what is going to be doing the action, and the predicate tells what that action is.

Practice tests help you remember. Take this mini-test to solidify your memory.
Mini-test: Predicates 

Which word is the predicate in each sentence?

1. Out of the darkness came a huge lumbering creature.
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  
2. Mechanics had just assembled and checked all parts of the motor.
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  

 

The next lesson: Prepositions, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.

predicates