Here, I would like to address four (4) methods for obtaining coherence in your writing. Now when I’m talking about coherence, I’m mainly talking about consistency.
Now one method to obtain coherence is through the repetition of certain words or key phrases.
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So when we repeat key phrases or words, we establish consistency in our writing because our readers can see our consistency as we use the same words and phrases over and over again.
A 2nd method to obtain coherence is by using personal pronouns.
This example sentence is saying:
“Pete’s dog walked around Pete’s legs.”
Now, Pete’s” right here (underlined) should be the only one to remain. We need to replace the second “Pete’s” with “his” because using “Pete’s” twice here might well confuse our readers as they may think that they’re dealing here with more than one Pete.
If we would use the personal pronoun “his” right here, it would increase the reader’s comprehension. This, in turn, will increase coherence. So even when we have consistency in our writing, if our readers cannot clearly comprehend what we’re talking about, they won’t be able to see that consistency in our writing.
A 3rd method is to use synonyms. This first sentence is saying:
“She went hiking with her colleague.”
In case you wouldn’t know what the word “colleague” means, progress to the next sentence that reads, “It was actually the first time that she was hanging out with a coworker.” So here we can easily see that the words “colleague” and “coworker” are synonyms.
So if you didn’t know what the word colleague meant, you’d probably know what the word coworker means. So we can simply figure out what the word colleague means if we say that that word is synonym with “coworker.” So again, this method increases comprehension and that helps with consistency.
Now the 4th method which is the use of parallel constructions. We have a parallel construction when we have items placed in a series and that we approach all items in that series in the same way. Look at this sentence that says:
“I went to our local grocery store, the new car wash, and ate something at the old food court.”
Not all items in this series have the identical grammatical setup. You could apply the first 3 words of the sentence to all three parts of the series.
We could say, “I went to our local grocery store,” (which is possible) and also: “I went to the new car wash,” and “I went to ate something at the old food court.”
Well, now the first two (2) parts of the series are making sense, but the 3rd part doesn’t make any sense. We need to rephrase this third sentence part to have it make sense.
We may say: “I went to our local grocery store, the new car wash, and to the old food court to eat something.”
So these are the four (4) methods for obtaining coherence in our writing.