Inferences are conclusions that a reader makes using clues in the text. So, an author may not explicitly say something, but they leave little hints behind, and you have to connect the dots to form a conclusion.

And, inference is different than making a guess because it is based on evidence. So, you read, you pick up on those clues or hints that the author leaves behind, and you put them all together to form your inference.

So, let’s look at a couple of examples.

Charlotte’s toddler is in bed asleep upstairs. She hears a loud thump and then loud crying.”

So, knowing that the toddler’s in bed asleep, and then hearing a thump and crying, you can infer, or Charlotte can infer when she’s at home, that her toddler fell out of bed.

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