An idiom is a type of figurative language that has a meaning that’s different from its literal meaning.
It’s used to add color to writing and make it more interesting. There are lots of idioms in the English language, and even more worldwide that you could look up.
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Some of them may sound really funny to us, but a lot of them are based on old rituals or an old way of doing things, and they’ve kind of transitioned into newer days, but they have different meanings that aren’t the same as the literal meaning anymore.
Some examples would be: “kick the bucket.” Well, a person isn’t going to actually be “kicking a bucket“, it means they’re going to die. If you said, “Oh, our old cow finally kicked the bucket.” Well, it just meant that the cow died.
And, if you’re “bent out of shape“, you’re not actually “bent” a funny way, it means that you are upset or worried about something.
If you hear something or hear from someone “out of the blue“, it’s something that comes about unexpectedly.
If you said something was “a piece of cake“, it would mean that it was easy, easy to accomplish, it’s easy as eating a piece of cake.
If you “buy a lemon“, it means you buy something that breaks immediately. A lot of times, this refers to a vehicle, and so, if you buy a used car, and you think, “Oh, I got this great deal.” And then, it breaks within a few days, or one of the parts breaks, then people say, “Oh, you really bought a lemon.”
But, it could be anything. If you bought a sofa, and you got it home, and you had it a couple days, and you realize that one of the cushions was really stained, or the middle of it was missing springs, and so, you kind of sunk into it, then you might’ve bought a lemon in that way. But, it basically means buying something that breaks immediately, and wasn’t quite what you thought it was, it turned out worse.
And, my last example is “hit the hay“. You’re not actually hitting a bale of hay, it just means you’re going to bed.
So, idioms are figurative language. There are lots of different kinds of figurative language that you can use, but this is a fun way to add color to your writing. There are countless idioms, and most of them are commonly known.
So, if you use them in your writing, your reader will know what you mean, but they’ll like that you tweaked it a little and made it a little more clever. You made it not just writing out the literal phrase, especially if you’re repeating a certain kind of topic, or certain details several times. You may want to find different ways to say it, and sometimes, an idiom can do that for you.