These are all different forms of verbs. A gerund is a verb ending in “ing” that is used as a noun in a sentence. There are a lot of times when you’ll see a noun that is actually a verb form.
“We admired the vocalist’s singing.”
In this sentence, they were admiring the vocalist’s singing. They were admiring something, which makes this a noun. But, “singing” is also a verb. So, this is a gerund because it is a verb used as a noun in this sentence.
“Running is my favorite hobby.”
“Running” is also a verb, but in this sentence, “running” is the noun. This is my favorite hobby, this thing. So, “running” is a gerund in this sentence.
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