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Practice Test Social Studies – set 3

These questions are written by our Social Studies guru and are similar to the GED Test. Each question has four or five answer choices. Choose the best answer for each question.

 

Question 1 of 25

1. GED Prep Social Studies – Basics of Market Economy65. Which of the following statements about the market economy is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 1 of 25

Question 2 of 25

2. 66. If supply is ______ than demand the price goes down, if demand is ______ than supply the price goes up.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 2 of 25

Question 3 of 25

3. GED Prep Social Studies – Gross Domestic Product69. Which of the following statements about Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 3 of 25

Question 4 of 25

4. 70. Which of the following sectors is not considered as part of a country’s macroeconomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 4 of 25

Question 5 of 25

5. GED Prep Social Studies – Market Failure73.
1. ‘Perfect competition’ describes markets that have one supplier dominant enough to set the price of a product.
2. Market failure can occur if the quantity of a product made available by suppliers does not meet the quantity demanded by consumers.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 5 of 25

Question 6 of 25

6. 74. Which of the following elements is not usually associated with market failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 6 of 25

Question 7 of 25

7. GED Prep Social Studies – Marketing Plan77. Which of the following is a factor when deciding on a market plan for selling a product?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 7 of 25

Question 8 of 25

8. 78.
1. the costs of production, distribution and advertising are used to help determine the price of a product
2. there are more overheads associated with selling products online
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 8 of 25

Question 9 of 25

9. GED Prep Social Studies – How Banks Function85.
1. Banks earn their income by loaning out money and charging interest.
2. The amount of money available for banks to loan out does not affect the amount of spending in the overall economy.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 9 of 25

Question 10 of 25

10. 86. Which of the following is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 10 of 25

Question 11 of 25

11. GED Prep Social Studies – The Great Depression59. Which of the following is not considered to be a cause of the Great Depression?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 11 of 25

Question 12 of 25

12. 60. Which of the following did not take place during the Great Depression?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 12 of 25

Question 13 of 25

13. GED Prep Social Studies – World War II61. In _______, the United States entered World War II, which had started in________ and ended in _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 13 of 25

Question 14 of 25

14. 62. Which of the following statements about World War II is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 14 of 25

Question 15 of 25

15. GED Prep Social Studies – The Cold War: The United States and Russia63. Which of the following was an objective of the Marshall Plan?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 15 of 25

Question 16 of 25

16. 64. What happening provoked the USSR into constructing missile bases in Cuba?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 16 of 25

Question 17 of 25

17.

The purchase of Alaska in 1867 marked the end of Russian efforts to expand trade and settlements to the Pacific coast of North America, and became an important step in the United States’ rise as a great power in the Asia-Pacific region. As the United States expanded westward in the early 1800’s, Americans soon found themselves in competition with Russian explorers and traders. Russia offered to sell Alaska to the United States in 1859, believing the United States would off-set the designs of Russia’s greatest rival in the Pacific, Great Britain. The looming U.S. Civil War delayed the sale, but after the war, Secretary of State William Seward quickly took up a renewed Russian offer and on March 30, 1867, agreed to a proposal from Russia’s Minister in Washington, Edouard de Stoeckl, to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million. This purchase ended Russia’s presence in North America and ensured the U.S. access to the Pacific northern rim. The government of Alexander II got rid of Alaska as if it had been a “non-core asset.” Those financial arguments in favor of the deal look especially ludicrous. The state budget of the Russian Empire totaled about half a billion rubles at the time. Taking into account that the ruble and the dollar were more or less in parity in terms of value during the period, there was no way the deal could have had a considerable beneficial effect on Russia’s economy.

What was the American interest of purchasing Alaska? 
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 17 of 25

Question 18 of 25

18.

FDR was a fantastic politician who related well to the people of America in a difficult economic time.  But it's important to remember the New Deal was not his idea - the plan was actually devised by his brain trust, a group of economic advisers, businessmen, and industry leaders who knew how the economy worked.  FDR labeled the plan and sold it to Congress and the public. The New Deal concentrated on three areas: Relief, which provided jobs and food aid to those most in need by 1933; Recovery, which preserved the major industries and economic sectors we would need to survive the Depression and rebuild the economy later (banking, agriculture, housing, etc.); and Reform, to change the laws and regulate the economy so that future Depressions could be prevented. Spending government money to do these things is called 'Keynesian economics' after George Maynard Keynes, a member of the Brain Trust.  It worked, but it was short term, and only helped the economy as long as the government kept spending.



Which one is the best example of RELIEF?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 18 of 25

Question 19 of 25

19.

FDR was a fantastic politician who related well to the people of America in a difficult economic time.  But it's important to remember the New Deal was not his idea - the plan was actually devised by his brain trust, a group of economic advisers, businessmen, and industry leaders who knew how the economy worked.  FDR labeled the plan and sold it to Congress and the public. The New Deal concentrated on three areas: Relief, which provided jobs and food aid to those most in need by 1933; Recovery, which preserved the major industries and economic sectors we would need to survive the Depression and rebuild the economy later (banking, agriculture, housing, etc.); and Reform, to change the laws and regulate the economy so that future Depressions could be prevented. Spending government money to do these things is called 'Keynesian economics' after George Maynard Keynes, a member of the Brain Trust.  It worked, but it was short term, and only helped the economy as long as the government kept spending.



Which one is the best example of RECOVERY?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 19 of 25

Question 20 of 25

20.

Beveridge was a British economist and social reformer, closely associated with the development of the welfare state. When, in 1941, the government commissioned a report into the ways that Britain should be rebuilt after World War Two, Beveridge was an obvious choice to take charge. He published his report in 1942 and recommended that the government should find ways of fighting the five 'Giant Evils' of 'Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness’. In 1945, the Labour Party defeated Winston Churchill's Conservative Party in the general election. The new Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, announced he would introduce the welfare state outlined in the 1942 Beveridge Report. This included the establishment of a National Health Service in 1948 with free medical treatment for all. A national system of benefits was also introduced to provide 'social security' so that the population would be protected from the 'cradle to the grave'. The new system was partly built on the national insurance scheme set up by Lloyd George in 1911. People in work still had to make contributions each week, as did employers, but the benefits provided were now much greater. In 1946, Beveridge was made a peer and became leader of the Liberals in the House of Lords. He died on 16 March 1963.

What was the core recommendation of Beveridge’s commission?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 20 of 25

Question 21 of 25

21.

Beveridge was a British economist and social reformer, closely associated with the development of the welfare state. When, in 1941, the government commissioned a report into the ways that Britain should be rebuilt after World War Two, Beveridge was an obvious choice to take charge. He published his report in 1942 and recommended that the government should find ways of fighting the five 'Giant Evils' of 'Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness’. In 1945, the Labour Party defeated Winston Churchill's Conservative Party in the general election. The new Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, announced he would introduce the welfare state outlined in the 1942 Beveridge Report. This included the establishment of a National Health Service in 1948 with free medical treatment for all. A national system of benefits was also introduced to provide 'social security' so that the population would be protected from the 'cradle to the grave'. The new system was partly built on the national insurance scheme set up by Lloyd George in 1911. People in work still had to make contributions each week, as did employers, but the benefits provided were now much greater. In 1946, Beveridge was made a peer and became leader of the Liberals in the House of Lords. He died on 16 March 1963.




Which one is the best example of Social Security?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 21 of 25

Question 22 of 25

22.

Sent on an expedition by Francis I, King of France, Jacques Cartier arrived at Gaspé in 1534, taking possession of lands that had been inhabited for thousands of years by Amerindians and the Inuit. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain made landfall on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River at a spot that the Aboriginals called Kébec. In 1642, Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve founded a Catholic mission that he named Ville-Marie and which would become Montréal at the end of the 18th century. New France expanded rapidly between 1660 and 1713. During the Seven Years’ War, the army of General Wolfe laid siege to Québec, and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham culminated in the defeat of the French General Montcalm on September 13, 1759. Four years later, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the King of France ceded to the British crown “Canada and all its dependencies.” This led to significant immigration on the part of English, Irish and Scottish settlers. In 1791, the Constitutional Act established two provinces in British North America: Upper Canada (Ontario), with an English-speaking majority, and Lower Canada (Québec), which had a French‑speaking majority. The Lower Canada Rebellion, in 1837 and 1838, was put down decisively by the British army. In 1867, the British North America Act established a federation of provinces that became known as Canada.

The Constitutional Act of 1791 established two provinces based on ……
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 22 of 25

Question 23 of 25

23.

Sent on an expedition by Francis I, King of France, Jacques Cartier arrived at Gaspé in 1534, taking possession of lands that had been inhabited for thousands of years by Amerindians and the Inuit. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain made landfall on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River at a spot that the Aboriginals called Kébec. In 1642, Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve founded a Catholic mission that he named Ville-Marie and which would become Montréal at the end of the 18th century. New France expanded rapidly between 1660 and 1713. During the Seven Years’ War, the army of General Wolfe laid siege to Québec, and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham culminated in the defeat of the French General Montcalm on September 13, 1759. Four years later, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the King of France ceded to the British crown “Canada and all its dependencies.” This led to significant immigration on the part of English, Irish and Scottish settlers. In 1791, the Constitutional Act established two provinces in British North America: Upper Canada (Ontario), with an English-speaking majority, and Lower Canada (Québec), which had a French‑speaking majority. The Lower Canada Rebellion, in 1837 and 1838, was put down decisively by the British army. In 1867, the British North America Act established a federation of provinces that became known as Canada.

By the Constitutional Act of 1791, Canada was ruled by: 
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 23 of 25

Question 24 of 25

24.

Canada entered the 1939-1945 War on 10th September 1939. Within two months the first contingents of Canadian troops arrived in the United Kingdom to supplement the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF). Forestalled by the evacuation of the British Army from Dunkirk and the Channel ports, Canada's role became one of defence of the British Isles. Far across the globe a small force of Canadians arrived in Hong Kong in time to meet the Japanese invasion, and fought with the British, Indian and Hong Kong forces in defense of the colony until the surrender on Christmas Day 1941. Canadian airmen fought in the Battle of Britain, North Africa, Italy and the Normandy invasion. About 17,000 (the great majority) died while serving with Bomber Command.



Primarily, Canada’s military role in the WW II was:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 24 of 25

Question 25 of 25

25.

Canada entered the 1939-1945 War on 10th September 1939. Within two months the first contingents of Canadian troops arrived in the United Kingdom to supplement the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF). Forestalled by the evacuation of the British Army from Dunkirk and the Channel ports, Canada's role became one of defence of the British Isles. Far across the globe a small force of Canadians arrived in Hong Kong in time to meet the Japanese invasion, and fought with the British, Indian and Hong Kong forces in defense of the colony until the surrender on Christmas Day 1941. Canadian airmen fought in the Battle of Britain, North Africa, Italy and the Normandy invasion. About 17,000 (the great majority) died while serving with Bomber Command.



The invasion of Normandy was the war between:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Question 25 of 25


 

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