We could place the term “false analogy” into a group called a “logical fallacy“, which is a failure of reasoning. And so, as a reader, it is important to recognize logical fallacies, because they diminish the value of the author’s message.
So, like I said, a false analogy is a logical fallacy. And so, we could also call a false analogy a failure of reasoning.
The next lesson: False Dichotomy, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.
But, more specifically, it is when the author suggest that two things are similar when in fact, they are different. So, basically, a false analogy is a false comparison.
So, many times, an author uses a false analogy when they’re trying to convince the reader that something unknown is like something familiar. So, the author is taking something unknown to the reader and comparing it to something familiar.
Now, here, the author is taking advantage of the reader’s ignorance, because, like I said, this is comparing something unknown with something familiar. So, the reader is not familiar with this unknown thing that we’re talking about. So, because of that, the author is able to take advantage of the reader’s ignorance.
So, an example of a false analogy would be the statement right here:
“Failing to tip a waitress is like stealing money out of somebody’s wallet.”
Now, of course, failing to tip is very rude, especially when the service has been good. But, people are not arrested for failing to tip, as they would be for stealing money from a wallet.
So, to compare stingy diners with thieves is a false analogy.Practice tests help you remember. Take this mini-test to solidify your memory.