We might also put the group named “false analogy” into a “logical fallacy” group. “Logical fallacy” means there is a failure of reasoning.
So, for readers, it is key to recognize when there are logical fallacies as they are diminishing the author’s message’s value.
So, as I said, false analogies are logical fallacies. So we can call false analogies also failures of reasoning.
To be more specific, this happens when authors suggest that two things or happenings are similar when they are, in fact, different. Basically, false analogies are false comparisons.
Next Lesson: False Dichotomy
This transcript is for your convenience.
Many times, authors use false analogies when they want to convince their readers that something that’s unknown is just like something that’s familiar. Then, the authors are taking something that’s unknown to the reader and compare that to something that’s familiar.
Well, with this, the authors are taking advantage of the ignorance of the readers because, as I said, here they compare something unknown to something familiar. The readers are not familiar with that unknown thing the authors are talking about. And because of that, authors can take advantage of the ignorance of their readers.
For an example of a false analogy look at the following sentence:
“Not giving a tip a waitress is just like stealing money from someone’s wallet.”
Sure, failing to tip a waitress is rude, particularly when the provided service was good. Then again, for failing to tip, people do not get arrested like they would if they would steal money from a wallet.
So, comparing stingy diners with stealing and thieves is an example of false analogy.