Direct and Indirect Objects

In sentences, direct objects and indirect objects are playing important roles.

So it is important that you will be able to identify them. Now, let’s first look at direct objects.

In sentences, direct objects basically play the role of the receiver of an action.

The verb says what’s happening while the direct object is saying who or what the action is happening to.

Mini-test: Direct Objects and Indirect Objects

 

Find the direct object  in this sentence.

Shirley (1) baked him (2) a cake (3) for his birthday (4).

The direct object is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Find the indirect object in this sentence.

Shirley (1) baked him (2) a cake (3) for his birthday (4).

The indirect object is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Find the direct object this sentence.

SuperTech Corporation, the company (1) in charge of the conference (2), sent John (3) the agenda (4) for the first day’s meetings.

The direct object is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Find the indirect object this sentence.

SuperTech Corporation, the company (1) in charge of the conference (2), sent John (3) the agenda (4) for the first day’s meetings.

A.
B.
C.
D.

 

The transcript is provided for your convenience

Let’s take a look at the following example to see what I’m talking about: “She sold her car

Now the verb here is “sold“. Now, what’s sold in this example?  Well, what’s being sold is the “car“. Now I’m writing “DO” above it since this is called the direct object. Well, “DO” is standing for “direct object“. “She sold her car.” And “car” is here the direct object.

Now Look at the following sentence:

She washed clothes

In this example, “washed” is our verb and “She” is our subject. Now, what is she washing? Well, she is washing “clothes“. It is the clothes that are being washed. Now again, you will write “DO” above, since that is the direct object here.

Now let’s look at indirect objects. These are exactly what they sound like. They’re indirect.

Now here, in this example, it says:

The man gave his woman a necklace.”

Right here, the direct object is “necklace“, since that is the thing that’s being given. The subject here is “Man” and “gave” is the sentence’s verb. Now, what is it that man gave? Well, the man was giving “a necklace“. So here, “necklace” is the direct object.

Now, what about “woman”? Well, the man surely did not give “his woman”, so that cannot be the sentence’s direct object. Instead, the word “woman” is this sentence’s indirect object. Now, why is that so? Well, because in our example, the woman receives the necklace from the man.

Now let’s take a look at the following sentence:

The sun gave our skin a sunburn

Now, what are the direct object and the indirect objects in this sentence? Well, here, the direct object cannot be “our skin“, since “The sun” is not giving “our skin“. “The sun” actually gives “a sunburn“. So the word “sunburn” is in this example the direct object.

And the indirect object in this sentence is the word “skin“. So here, I will write “IO“. Now, since our word “the sun” is actually giving a “sunburn“, we can ask the same first question. So what is it that the sun is giving? Well, the sun gives a sunburn, so “sunburn” is the direct object here.

Then you can ask the question: To who is that sun giving a sunburn? Then you’ll see that here, the indirect object is “skin” since that’s what the sunburn is given to.

Okay, here it is important to remember that direct objects are the direct receivers of actions in a sentence, and indirect objects are, as I said, indirect. Just think of: “the man gave“. Now, what did he give? He gave the necklace. Now, who did he give it to? To his woman.

 

 

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