Direct and Indirect Objects

Direct and indirect objects play important roles in sentences. So, it’s important that you can identify them. So, first, let’s take a look at direct objects.

Direct objects are basically the receiver of the action of a sentence. So, the verb is telling what’s going on, and the direct object is telling who that action is occurring to.

The next lesson: Subordinating Conjunctions, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.

The following transcript is provided for your convenience.

So, take a look at this sentence to see what I mean:

He sold his car.”

So, the verb right here is “sold“. Okay. So, what is being sold in this sentence? The “car” is being sold, so I’m going to write “DO” above it, okay, because it’s called a direct object. So, “DO” stands for “direct object“. “He sold his car.” “Car” is the direct object.

Look at this sentence:

He washed clothes.”

Washed” is the verb. “He” is the subject. So, what is he washing? He is washing “clothes“. The clothes are being washed. So, again, you’re going to write “DO“, because that’s the direct object.

Now, indirect objects, it’s kind of exactly what it sounds like. It’s indirect.

So, right here, in this sentence, it says:

The man gave his wife a necklace.”

So, the direct object here is “a necklace“, because that’s what’s being given. “Man” is the subject, “gave” is the verb. So, the man gave what? The man gave “a necklace“, so that’s the direct object.

But, what about his wife? Now, the man didn’t give his wife, so the wife can’t be the direct object, but instead, “wife” is the indirect object. Why? Because the wife is receiving the necklace from her husband.

Look at this sentence:

The sun gave my skin a sunburn.”

So, what are the direct and indirect objects here? Well, the direct object can’t be “my skin“, because “The sun” isn’t giving “my skin“. “The sun” is giving “a sunburn“, so “sunburn” is the direct object.

So, this indirect object here is “skin“. So, I’m going to write “IO“. Okay, because “the sun” is giving a “sunburn“, so you can ask the first question, what is the sun giving? The sun is giving a sunburn, so that’s the direct object.

And then, you could ask the question, who is the sun giving a sunburn to? And the indirect object would be “skin“, because it’s giving a sunburn to my skin.

So, the important thing to remember is the direct object is the action receiver in the sentence, and the indirect object is, like I said, it’s indirect. Just keep asking questions.

Okay, “the man gave“. What did the man give? He gave a necklace. Who did he give the necklace to? His wife.

Practice tests help you remember. Take this mini-test to solidify your memory.
Mini-test: Direct Objects and Indirect Objects 

Find the direct object  in this sentence.

Shirley (1) baked him (2) a cake (3) for his birthday (4).

The direct object is:
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  
Find the indirect object in this sentence.

Shirley (1) baked him (2) a cake (3) for his birthday (4).

The indirect object is:
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  
Find the direct object this sentence.

SuperTech Corporation, the company (1) in charge of the conference (2), sent John (3) the agenda (4) for the first day’s meetings.

The direct object is:
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  
Find the indirect object this sentence.

SuperTech Corporation, the company (1) in charge of the conference (2), sent John (3) the agenda (4) for the first day’s meetings.
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  

 

The next lesson: Subordinating Conjunctions, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.

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