Conclusions That Are Stated Directly

You, as the reader, should always be drawing conclusions. So, I’m going to write that point up here on the board. Always be drawing conclusions.

In many cases, the conclusion of a writing will not be stated directly, and you’ll have to infer it from the information you already know, and the information you were gathering from the text

The next lesson: Conjecture and Theorem, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.

The following transcript is provided for your convenience.
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So, those situations are very difficult, and it’s vital that you are always drawing conclusions because you never know when the right time to draw the conclusion will be.

In this case, we’re talking about conclusions that are stated directly, and these are much easier to find. However, you don’t know where in the paper you are going to find this conclusion that is stated directly.

Read this sentence:

It is always more comfortable to draw conclusions from information stated within a passage, rather than to draw them from mere implications.”

So, when we’re talking about drawing them from mere implications, that’s called “inferring“.

Now, when you’re able to draw conclusions from information stated within a passage, that’s talking about when a conclusion is stated directly.

So, these kinds of passages are pretty easy, because the information is going to be stated directly.

The important thing here is that you read the entire passage. Even though the conclusion is stated directly, you still have to find it, and sometimes, there may be another sentence in the passage that looks like the conclusion, and so, you may see that sentence and think, “Okay, this is the conclusion, I found it.” But then, right after that sentence, the author will then be offering a rebuttal to that proposed conclusion, shutting it down and giving a counterargument, leading up to the author revealing the best conclusion.

So, it’s important that you read the entire passage, so that you can be sure that the conclusion you find is the same one the author intended for you to find.

Practice tests help you remember. Take this mini-test to solidify your memory.
Mini-test: Conclusions that are stated directly 

The following is the final paragraph from an essay. Read it carefully; then answer the question that follows it.

[1] The evidence is overwhelming: the cost of driving a vehicle, both monetarily and environmentally, is outweighing the benefits. [2] We can no longer in good faith support something that is so destructive of the environment. [3] At almost five dollars per gallon in some places, we need to ask ourselves if our dependence on cars is merely a result of our own laziness.

1. Which sentence contains the writer’s conclusion?
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  
Mini-test: Read the following paragraph and locate the writer’s conclusion.

[1] Though Columbus Day’s original intent was to celebrate Christopher Columbus’s historic landing in the New World, many groups feel that it should instead be a day of remembrance for the millions of natives who died as a result of colonization. [2] Despite the contentious nature of the holiday, did Columbus play an integral role in the creation of what we know now as the United States of America? [3]Yes, and his voyages facilitated a massive exchange of goods between the New World and the Old that continues to this day. [4] Regardless of how one feels about the holiday, Columbus had a huge impact on history, and the world wouldn’t look the same today without him.

The writer’s conclusion is stated directly in …
A.  
B.  
C.  
D.  

 

The next lesson: Conjecture and Theorem, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.

conclusions