By the 1760s, the English colonists in North America were increasingly becoming frustrated with British policies. First, you had the French and Indian War, which ended in 1763, but it was a long and costly war.
But again, this war was long and costly, and it left Britain badly in need of money. Now, obviously, whenever a government is badly in need of money, it eventually results in the raising of taxes.
The next lesson: The Founding Fathers, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.[divider]The following transcript is provided for your convenience.[divider]
Now, the British colonists were being asked by the British government to pay taxes, due to the French and Indian War, because many in the English or the British Parliament believed that the French and Indian War on the North American continent was fault to protect to those colonies. To protect their right to live in North America. So, therefore, they believe that the American colonists should bear the brunt of some of the cost, if not most of the cost of that war.
The colonists disagreed for one simple purpose. They didn’t believe they had any representation in Parliament. So, being taxed from England by the Parliament sitting in London amounted to taxation without representation, which, to many of the colonists, they believe was tyrannical government. Then, you have the Proclamation of 1763. This was issued by the British government to prevent or disallow the colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. So, it did not allow any settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains. No settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. Now, many of the colonists believed that this restricted their economic freedoms and their economic pursuit.
Now, while you had the aftermath of the French and Indian War, along with the issuance of the Proclamation of 1763, John Locke’s ideas about the social contract, and about natural rights were becoming very popular in the colonies. Now, John Locke was a 17th-century English political philosopher, and under his ideas on the social contract is that the people allow the government to govern, meaning that the power first starts with the people, and then the people give that power to the government. So, with his social contract, the people allowed the government to govern. And then, under John Locke’s ideas about national rights, whenever a government became tyrannical or out of control, the people had a right – a natural right – to rebel and change their government.
So, what you have here is the aftermath of the French and Indian War, which resulted in the increase in taxes in the colonies, where the colonists said no taxation without representation, and actually having taxation and no representation meant that the government was acting tyrannical. Also, you have the Proclamation of 1763, which prevented any settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains. Many colonists believed that this restricted their economic rights, their economic pursuits. So, since this was government preventing or stopping, restricting their economic pursuits, that was also government tyranny. So, with these ideas about the social contract and the natural right becoming more popular, this fuels the eventual revolt, the American colonies declaring American independence, and winning that American independence, and the American Revolution.
The next lesson: The Founding Fathers, both lessons are included in Practice Tests.