The 14th Amendment was ratified on July 9th, 1868, during the Reconstruction Era of the United States. The 14th Amendment declared that all persons born or naturalized were US citizens.
So, basically, if someone was born in the US or naturalized, they were considered a US citizen. And it also declared that all citizens were entitled to equal rights, regardless of race.
The next lesson: 15th Amendment
The following transcript is provided for your convenience.
So, the 14th Amendment basically did two things. First, it defined who a US citizen was, and then, it said that all these citizens have equal rights. Now, the amendment fell short of giving black men the right to vote, but it paved the way for the 15th Amendment, which did give black men the right to vote.
Now, this amendment angered women’s rights activists because it made the right to vote a male right. And it wasn’t much later until the 19th Amendment that women were given the right to vote. Now, the major impact of the 14th Amendment was that human rights were granted to the state, as well as the national level through the due process clause. So, the 14th Amendment said that all people, all citizens cannot be convicted of a crime, unless they’ve been through the due process of law. And so, we could also say that the 14th Amendment granted due process to all citizens. So, basically, these minority groups or the black people couldn’t be discriminated against by the court system. They were given the same rights to a fair trial under the Bill of Rights that white Americans were given as well.
So, again, the 14th Amendment did basically two things. It defines who US citizens were, and said that they were all given equal rights.